'''Nathaniel Hawthorne''' (; born '''Nathaniel Hathorne'''; July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was an American novelist, Dark romanticism|Dark Romantic
, and short story writer.
He was born in 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts
, to Nathaniel Hathorne and the former Elizabeth Clarke Manning. His ancestors include John Hathorne
, the only judge involved in the Salem witch trials
who never repented of his actions. Nathaniel later added a "w" to make his name "Hawthorne" in order to hide this relation. He entered Bowdoin College
in 1821, was elected to Phi Beta Kappa
[[http://www.pbk.org/infoview/PBK_InfoView.aspx?t=&id=59 Who Belongs To Phi Beta Kappa], Phi Beta Kappa website, accessed Oct 4, 2009]
and graduated in 1825. Hawthorne published his first work, a novel titled ''Fanshawe (novel)|Fanshawe
'', in 1828; he later tried to suppress it, feeling it was not equal to the standard of his later work.
He published several...